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Thread: What Happened This Day In History

  1. #21
    Today in History
    August 26

    1017 Turks defeat the Byzantine army under Emperor Romanus IV at Manikert, Eastern Turkey.
    1429 Joan of Arc makes a triumphant entry into Paris.
    1789 The Constituent Assembly in Versailles, France, approves the final version of the Declaration of Human Rights.
    1862 Confederate General Thomas 'Stonewall' Jackson encircles the Union Army under General John Pope at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
    1883 The Indonesian island of Krakatoa erupts in the largest explosion recorded in history, heard 2,200 miles away in Madagascar. The resulting destruction sends volcanic ash up 50 miles into the atmosphere and kills almost 36,000 people–both on the island itself and from the resulting 131-foot tidal waves that obliterate 163 villages on the shores of nearby Java and Sumatra.
    1920 The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is officially ratified, giving women the right to vote.
    1943 The United States recognizes the French Committee of National Liberation.
    1957 Ford Motor Company reveals the Edsel, its latest luxury car.
    1966 South African Defense Force troops attack a People's Liberation Army of Nambia at Omugulugwombashe, the first battle of the 22-year Namibian War of Independence.
    1970 A nationwide Women's Strike for Equality, led by Betty Friedan on the 50th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment calls attention to unequal pay and other gender inequalities in America.
    1977 The National Assembly of Quebec adopts Bill 101, Charter of the French Language, making French the official language of the Canadian province.
    1978 Albino Luciani elected to the Papacy and chooses the name Pope John Paul I ; his 33-day reign is among the shortest in Papal history.
    1978 Sigmund Jähn becomes first German to fly in space, on board Soviet Soyuz 31.
    1999 Russia begins the Second Chechen War in response to the Invasion of Dagestan by the Islamic International Peacekeeping Brigade.

    Born on August 26

    1743 Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry who defined the role of oxygen and named it.
    1874 Lee De Forest, physicist, inventor, considered the father of radio.
    1875 John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, writer and governor general of Canada, famous for his book The Thirty-Nine Steps.
    1898 Peggy Guggenheim, art patron and collector.
    1906 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist and playwright, author of Goodbye to Berlin, the inspiration for the play I am a Camera and the musical and film Cabaret.
    1906 Albert Sabin, medical researcher, developed the polio vaccine.
    1910 Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu), missionary, Nobel Prize laureate for her work in the slums of Calcutta.
    1922 Irving Levine, journalist; first American television correspondent to be accredited in the Soviet Union.
    1940 Donald Leroy "Don" LaFontaine, voice-over actor; recorded more than 5,000 film trailers and hundreds of thousands of television advertisements, network promotions, and video game trailers.
    1944 Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester (Richard Alexander Walter George).
    1945 Tom Ridge, first US Secretary of Homeland Security.
    1952 Will Shortz, American puzzle creator and editor.
    1957 Nikky Finey (Lynn Carol Finney), poet; won National Book Award (Head Off & Split).
    1960 Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist, composer, and bandleader.
    1970 Melissa Ann McCarthy, comedian, writer, producer, Emmy-winning actress (Mike & Molly TV series).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  2. #22
    Quote Originally Posted by Faust View Post
    1883 The Indonesian island of Krakatoa erupts in the largest explosion recorded in history, heard 2,200 miles away in Madagascar. The resulting destruction sends volcanic ash up 50 miles into the atmosphere and kills almost 36,000 people–both on the island itself and from the resulting 131-foot tidal waves that obliterate 163 villages on the shores of nearby Java and Sumatra.
    Have never quite understood why the Krakatoa damage was less than the tsunami on Boxing Day, 2004. The different population density does explain part of it, but the Boxing Day one killed people as far away as Africa. Apparently the Krakatoa tsunami had a short wavelength.

  3. #23
    Today in History
    August 28

    1676 Indian chief King Philip, also known as Metacom, is killed by English soldiers, ending the war between Indians and colonists.
    1862 Mistakenly believing the Confederate Army to be in retreat, Union General John Pope attacks, beginning the Battle of Groveten. Both sides sustain heavy casualties.
    1914 Three German cruisers are sunk by ships of the Royal Navy in the Battle of Heligoland Bight, the first major naval battle of World War I.
    1938 The first degree given to a ventriloquist's dummy is awarded to Charlie McCarthy–Edgar Bergen's wooden partner. The honorary degree, "Master of Innuendo and Snappy Comeback," is presented on radio by Ralph Dennis, the dean of the School of Speech at Northwestern University.
    1941 The German U-boat U-570 is captured by the British and renamed Graph
    1944 German forces in Toulon and Marseilles, France, surrender to the Allies.
    1945 Chinese communist leader Mao Tse-Tung arrives in Chunking to confer with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-Shek in a futile effort to avert civil war.
    1963 One of the largest demonstrations in the history of the United States, the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, takes place and reaches its climax at the base of the Lincoln Memorial when Dr. Martin Luther King delivers his "I have a dream" speech.
    1965 The Viet Cong are routed in the Mekong Delta by U.S. forces, with more than 50 killed.
    1968 Clash between police and anti-war demonstrators during Democratic Party's National Convention in Chicago.
    1979 Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb explodes under bandstand in Brussels' Great Market as British Army musicians prepare for a performance; four British soldiers wounded.
    1981 John Hinckley Jr. pleads innocent to attempting to assassinate Pres. Ronald Reagan.
    1982 First Gay Games held, in San Francisco.
    1983 Israeli's prime minister Menachem Begin announces his resignation.
    1986 Bolivian president Victor Paz Estenssoro declares a state of siege and uses troops and tanks to halt a march by 10,000 striking tin miners.
    1986 US Navy officer Jerry A. Whitworth given 365-year prison term for spying for USSR.
    1993 Two hundred twenty-three die when a dam breaks at Qinghai (Kokonor), in northwest China.
    2003 Power blackout affects half-million people in southeast England and halts 60% of London's underground trains.
    2005 Hurricane Katrina reaches Category 5 strength; Louisiana Superdome opened as a "refuge of last resort" in New Orleans.
    2012 US Republican convention nominates Mitt Romney as the party's presidential candidate.

    Born on August 28

    1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, playwright and novelist, best known for Faust.
    1774 Elizabeth Ann Seton, founder of the Sisters of St. Joseph and the first U.S.-born saint.
    1828 Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (War and Peace, Anna Karenina).
    1882 Belle Benchley, the first female zoo director in the world, who directed the Zoological Gardens of San Diego.
    1896 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish novelist and short-story writer.
    1903 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian psychologist, educator of autistic and emotionally disturbed children.
    1908 Roger Tory Peterson, author of the innovative bird book A Field Guide to Birds.
    1925 Donald O'Connor, entertainer (Singin' in the Rain, Anything Goes).
    1939 Catherine "Cassie" Mackin, journalist; first woman to anchor an evening newscast alone on a regular basis (NBC's Sunday Night News); NBC's first woman floor reporter at a national political convention.
    1943 Lou Pinelia, American League Rookie of the Year (1969); 14th-winningest manager of all time.
    1948 Daniel Seraphine, drummer with the band Chicago.
    1951 Wayne Osmond, singer, songwriter, TV actor (The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters).
    1952 Rita Dove, poet; second African-American poet to receive the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1987); first African-American Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (1993-95); Poet Laureate of Virginia (2004-06).
    1965 Shania Twain (Eilleen Regina Edwards), five-time Grammy-winning singer ("You're Still the One"); only female artist to have three consecutive Diamond albums (10 million units sold).
    1971 Todd Eldredge, figure skater; Men's World Champion (1996).
    1982 Leann Rimes, Grammy-winning singer ("Blue"), actress, (Northern Lights).
    1986 Gilad Shalit, Israeli Defense Forces corporal kidnapped by Hamas and held for five years before being exchanged for 1,027 Palestinian prisoners.
    1999 Prince Nikolai of Denmark.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  4. #24
    Today in History
    August 29

    70 The Temple of Jerusalem burns after a nine-month Roman siege.
    1526 Ottoman Suleiman the Magnificent crushes a Hungarian army under Lewis II at the Battle of Mohacs.
    1533 In Peru, the Inca chief Atahualpa is executed by orders of Francisco Pizarro, although the chief had already paid his ransom.
    1776 General George Washington retreats during the night from Long Island to New York City.
    1793 Slavery is abolished in Santo Domingo.
    1862 Union General John Pope's army is defeated by a smaller Confederate force at the Second Battle of Bull Run.
    1882 Australia defeats England in cricket for the first time. The following day a obituary appears in the Sporting Times addressed to the British team.
    1942 The American Red Cross announces that Japan has refused to allow safe conduct for the passage of ships with supplies for American prisoners of war.
    1945 U.S. airborne troops are landed in transport planes at Atsugi airfield, southwest of Tokyo, beginning the occupation of Japan.
    1949 USSR explodes its first atomic bomb, "First Lightning."
    1950 International Olympic Committee votes to allow West Germany and Japan to compete in 1952 games.
    1952 In the largest bombing raid of the Korean War, 1,403 planes of the Far East Air Force bomb Pyongyang, North Korea.
    1957 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957 after Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends 24-hour filibuster, the longest in Senate history, against the bill.
    1960 US U-2 spy plane spots SAM (surface-to-air) missile launch pads in Cuba.
    1964 Mickey Mantle ties Babe Ruth's career strikeout record (1,330).
    1965 Astronauts L. Gordon Cooper Jr. and Charles "Pete" Conrad Jr complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5, marking the first time the US set an international duration record for a manned space mission.
    1966 The Beatles give their last public concert (Candlestick Park, San Francisco).
    1968 Democrats nominate Hubert H Humphrey for president at their Chicago convention.
    1977 Lou Brock (St Louis Cardinals) breaks Ty Cobb's 49-year-old career stolen bases record at 893.
    1986 Morocco's King Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya's Muammar Gadhafi, strengthening political and economic ties and creating a mutual defense pact.
    1991 USSR's parliament suspends Communist Party activities in the wake of a failed coup.
    1992 Thousands of Germans demonstrate against a wave of racist attacks aimed at immigrants.
    1995 NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
    2003 A terrorist bomb kills Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, and nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf where the ayatollah had called for Iraqi unity.
    2005 Rains from Hurricane Katrina cause a levee breech at the Industrial Canal in New Orleans, causing severe flooding.
    2012 The Egyptian Army's Operation Eagle results in the deaths of 11 suspected terrorists and the arrest of another 23.

    Born on August 29

    1632 John Locke, philosopher of liberalism whose ideas influenced the American founding fathers, famous for his treatise An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
    1809 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., poet, essayist and father of Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
    1898 Preston Sturges, screenwiter, film director and playwright.
    1915 Ingrid Bergman, Oscar winning actress famous whose films include Casablanca and Anastasia.
    1920 Charlie "Bird" Parker, self-taught jazz saxophonist, pioneer of the new "cool" movement.
    1923 Richard Attenborough, actor, (The Great Escape, Jurassic Park) Academy Award–winning director and producer (Gandhi)
    1924 Dinah Washington, singer known in the 50s as "Queen of the Harlem Blues.".
    1925 Donald O'Connor, dancer, actor (Singing in the Rain).
    1927 Marion Williams, gospel singer.
    1931 Lise Payette, Quebec politician, writer and columnist.
    1933 Jehan Sadat, First Lady of Egypt (1970–1981); widow of Anwar Sadat.
    1935 William Friedkin, director, producer, writer (The Exorcist, The French Connection).
    1936 Future Republican US presidential nominee (2008) John McCain.
    1938 Elliott Gould, actor (M*A*S*H, Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice).
    1940 James Brady, press secretary who was severely wounded during John Hinckley Jr.'s attempt to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan.
    1941 Robin Leach, TV host (Life Styles of the Rich and Famous).
    1943 Richard Halligan, vocalist with band Blood Sweat & Tears.
    1952 Karen Hesse, Newbery Medal–winning author of children's literature (Out of the Dust).
    1958 Michael Jackson, pop singer, entertainer.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  5. #25
    Today in History
    August 31

    1303 The War of Vespers in Sicily ends with an agreement between Charles of Valois, who invaded the country, and Frederick, the ruler of Sicily.
    1756 The British at Fort William Henry, New York, surrender to Louis Montcalm of France.
    1802 Captain Merriwether Lewis leaves Pittsburgh to meet up with Captain William Clark and begin their trek to the Pacific Ocean.
    1864 At the Democratic convention in Chicago, General George B. McClellan is nominated for president.
    1919 The Communist Labor Party is founded in Chicago, with the motto, "Workers of the world unite!"
    1928 Kurt Weill's The Threepenny Opera opens in Berlin.
    1940 Joseph Avenol steps down as Secretary-General of the League of Nations.
    1942 The British army under General Bernard Law Montgomery defeats Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps in the Battle of Alam Halfa in Egypt.
    1944 The British Eighth Army penetrates the German Gothic Line in Italy.
    1949 Six of the 16 surviving Union veterans of the Civil War attend the last-ever encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, held in Indianapolis, Indiana.
    1951 The 1st Marine Division begins its attack on Bloody Ridge in Korea. The four-day battle results in 2,700 Marine casualties.
    1961 A concrete wall replaces the barbed wire fence that separates East and West Germany, it will be called the Berlin wall.
    1965 US Congress creates Department of Housing & Urban Development.
    1968 The Dasht-e Bayaz 7.3 earthquake in NE Iran completely destroys five villages and severely damages six others.
    1970 Lonnie McLucas convicted of torturing and murdering fellow Black Panther Party member Alex Rackley in the first of the New Haven Black Panther Trials.
    1980 Polish government forced to sign Gdansk Agreement allowing creation of the trade union Solidarity.
    1985 Police capture Richard Ramirez, dubbed the "Night Stalker" for a string of gruesome murders that stretched from Mission Viejo to San Francisco, Cal.
    1986 A Russian cargo ship collides with cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov, killing 398.
    1987 Longest mine strike in South Africa's history ends, after 11 people were killed, 500 injured and 400 arrested.
    1990 East and West Germany sign the Treaty of Unification (Einigungsvertrag) to join their legal and political systems.
    1990 Ken Griffey and Ken Griffey Jr. become first father and son to play on same team simultaneously in professional baseball (Seattle Mariners).
    1994 Last Russian troops leave Estonia and Latvia.
    1994 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announces a "complete cessation of military operations," opening the way to a political settlement in Ireland for the first time in a quarter of a century.
    1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a Paris car crash along with her companion Dodi Fayed and driver Henri Paul while fleeing paparazzi.
    1997 New York Yankees retire Don Mattingly's #23 (first baseman, coach, manager).
    2006 Edvard Munch's famed painting The Scream recovered by Norwegian police. The artwork had been stolen on Aug. 22, 2004.

    Born on August 31

    1811 Théophile Gautier, French poet, novelist and author of Art for Art's Sake.
    1870 Maria Montessori, educator and founder of the Montessori schools.
    1885 Duboise Heyward, novelist, poet and dramatist best know for Porgy which was the basis for the opera Porgy and Bess.
    1899 Lynn Riggs, writer, her book Green Grow the Lilacs was adapted by Rodgers and Hammerstein to become Oklahoma.
    1903 Arthur Godfrey, radio and television personality.
    1905 Sanford Meisner, influential acting teacher.
    1907 Wiliam Shawn, longtime editor of The New Yorker.
    1908 Wiliam Saroyan, author and playwright (The Human Comedy).
    1918 Alan Jay Lerner, playwright and lyricist (Brigadoon, Camelot).
    1918 Daniel Schorr, journalist.
    1935 Eldridge Cleaver, political activist and author of Soul on Fire.
    1936 Marva Collins, innovative educator who started Chicago's one-room school, Westside Preparatory.
    1945 Van Morrison, Irish singer, songwriter.
    1945 Itzhak Perlman, violinist.
    1948 Lowell Ganz, screenwriter, (A League of Their Own) director, producer, actor.
    1949 Richard Gere, actor (Pretty Woman, An Officer and a Gentleman).
    1970 Deborah Ann "Debbie" Gibson, singer, songwriter, record producer, actress; youngest artist ever to write, produce and perform a Billboard #1 single ("Foolish Beat").
    1970 Queen Rania of Jordan (nee Rania al Yassin), wife of King Abdullah II.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  6. #26
    Today in History

    September 2
    1666 The Great Fire of London, which devastates the city, begins.
    1789 The Treasury Department, headed by Alexander Hamilton, is created in New York City.
    1792 Verdun, France, surrenders to the Prussian Army.
    1798 The Maltese people revolt against the French occupation, forcing the French troops to take refuge in the citadel of Valetta in Malta.
    1870 Napoleon III capitulates to the Prussians at Sedan, France.
    1885 In Rock Springs, Wyoming Territory, 28 Chinese laborers are killed and hundreds more chased out of town by striking coal miners.
    1898 Sir Herbert Kitchner leads the British to victory over the Mahdists at Omdurman and takes Khartoum.
    1910 Alice Stebbins Wells is admitted to the Los Angeles Police Force as the first woman police officer to receive an appointment based on a civil service exam.
    1915 Austro-German armies take Grodno, Poland.
    1944 Troops of the U.S. First Army enter Belgium.
    1945 Japan signs the document of surrender aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II
    1945 Vietnam declares its independence and Nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh proclaims himself its first president.
    1956 Tennessee National Guardsmen halt rioters protesting the admission of 12 African-Americans to schools in Clinton.
    1963 Alabama Governor George Wallace calls state troopers to Tuskegee High School to prevent integration.
    1963 The US gets its first half-hour TV weeknight national news broadcast when CBS Evening News expands from 15 to 30 minutes.
    1970 NASA cancels two planned missions to the moon.
    1975 Joseph W. Hatcher of Tallahassee, Florida, becomes the state's first African-American supreme court justice since Reconstruction.
    1992 The US and Russia agree to a joint venture to build a space station.
    1996 The Philippine government and Muslim rebels sign a pact, formally ending a 26-year long insurgency.
    1998 Jean Paul Akayesu, former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, found guilty of nine counts of genocide by the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

    Born on September 2
    1838 Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani, last sovereign before annexation of Hawaii by the United States.
    1850 Eugene Field, poet and journalist.
    1877 Frederick Soddy, named an isotope and received 1921 Nobel prize for chemistry.
    1901 Adolph Rupp, basketball coach at the University of Kentucky who achieved a record 876 victories.
    1946 Dan White, politician; assassinated San Francisco mayor George Moscone and San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk.
    1948 Christa McAuliffe, the first civilian passenger on a space mission. During that mission, she and the six other crew members on the space shuttle Challenger perished in an explosion shortly after launch.
    1948 Terry Bradshaw, athlete, TV sports analyst, actor; first quarterback to win four Super Bowls (Pittsburgh Steelers); Pro Football Hall of Fame.
    1951 Mark Harmon, actor (St. Elsewhere, NCIS TV series).
    1952 Jimmy Connors, former World No. 1 tennis player; reached more Grand Slam quarterfinals than any other male.
    1964 Keanu Reeves, actor (Speed, The Matrix trilogy).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  7. #27
    Today in History

    September 3
    1189 After the death of Henry II, Richard Lionheart is crowned king of England.
    1260 Mamelukes under Sultan Qutuz defeat Mongols and Crusaders at Ain Jalut.
    1346 Edward III of England begins the siege of Calais, along the coast of France.
    1650 The English under Cromwell defeat a superior Scottish army under David Leslie at the Battle of Dunbar.
    1777 The American flag (stars & stripes), approved by Congress on June 14th, is carried into battle for the first time by a force under General William Maxwell.
    1783 The Treaty of Paris is signed by Great Britain and the new United States, formally bringing the American Revolution to an end.
    1838 Frederick Douglass escapes slavery disguised as a sailor. He would later write The Narrative Life of Frederick Douglass, his memoirs about slave life.
    1855 General William Harney defeats Little Thunder's Brule Sioux at the Battle of Blue Water in Nebraska.
    1895 The first professional American football game is played in Latrobe, Pennsylvania between the Latrobe Young Men's Christian Association and the Jeannette Athletic Club. Latrobe wins 12-0.
    1914 The French capital is moved from Paris to Bordeaux as the Battle of the Marne begins.
    1916 The German Somme front is broken by an Allied offensive.
    1918 The United States recognizes the nation of Czechoslovakia.
    1939 After Germany ignores Great Britain's ultimatum to stop the invasion of Poland, Great Britain declares war on Germany, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe.
    1939 The British passenger ship Athenia is sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic, with 30 Americans among those killed. American Secretary of State Cordell Hull warns Americans to avoid travel to Europe unless absolutely necessary.
    1943 British troops invade Italy, landing at Calabria.
    1944 The U.S. Seventh Army captures Lyons, France.
    1945 General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, surrenders to Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright at Baguio.
    1967 Lieutenant General Ngyuen Van Thieu is elected president of South Vietnam.
    1969 Ho Chi Minh, the leader of North Vietnam, dies.
    1976 The unmanned US spacecraft Viking 2 lands on Mars, takes first close-up, color photos of the planet's surface.
    1981 Egypt arrests some 1,500 opponents of the government.
    1989 US begins shipping military aircraft and weapons to Columbia for use against that country's drug lords.
    1994 Russia and China sign a demarcation agreement to end dispute over a stretch of their border and agree they will no longer target each other with nuclear weapons.
    2001 Protestant loyalists in Belfast, Ireland, begin an 11-week picket of the Holy Cross Catholic school for girls, sparking rioting.

    Born on September 3

    1849 Sarah Orne Jewett, author (Tales of New England, The Country of the Pointed Firs).
    1856 Louis H. Sullivan, architect who gained fame for his design of the Chicago Auditorium Theater.
    1875 Ferdinand Porsche, automotive engineer, designer of the Volkswagen in 1934 and the Porsche sports car in 1950.
    1894 Richard Niebuhr, theologian.
    1907 Carl Anderson, physicist and 1936 Nobel prize winner for his discovery of the positron.
    1914 Dixie Lee Ray, Chair of the Atomic Energy Commission who received the U.N. Peace Prize in 1977.
    1927 Hugh Sidey, news correspondent and author of John F. Kennedy, President.
    1931 Albert Henry DeSalvo, a serial killer and rapist known as the "Boston Strangler"; though he confessed to 13 murders, debate continues over which crimes he actually committed.
    1932 Eileen Brennan, actress; won Golden Globe and Emmy for her role in the TV adaptation of Private Benjamin.
    1942 Alan Charles "Al" Jardine, musician, composer, vocalist, member of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; founding member of the band The Beach Boys.
    1949 Petros VII (Petros Papapetrou), Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa (1997–2004).
    1964 Adam Curry, co-founder of Mevio, Inc., Internet entertainment company.
    1965 Charlie Sheen (Carlos Irwin Estevez), actor (Platoon, Two and a Half Men TV series).
    1976 Ashley Jones, actress (True Blood and The Young and the Restless TV series).
    1981 Fearne Cotton, English radio and television presenter.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  8. #28
    Today in History

    September 5
    1666 The Fire of London is extinguished after two days.
    1664 After days of negotiation, the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam surrenders to the British, who will rename it New York.
    1792 Maximilien Robespierre is elected to the National Convention in France.
    1804 In a daring night raid, American sailors under Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, board the captured USS Philadelphia and burn the ship to keep it out of the hands of the Barbary pirates who captured her.
    1816 Louis XVIII of France dissolves the chamber of deputies, which has been challenging his authority.
    1859 Harriot E. Wilson's Our Nig, is published, the first U.S. novel by an African American woman.
    1867 The first shipment of cattle leaves Abilene, Kansas, on a Union Pacific train headed to Chicago.
    1870 Author Victor Hugo returns to Paris from the Isle of Guernsey where he had lived in exile for almost 20 years.
    1877 The great Sioux warrior Crazy Horse is fatally bayoneted at age 36 by a soldier at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
    1878 Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Bill Tilghman and Clay Allison, four of the West's most famous gunmen, meet in Dodge City, Kansas.
    1905 The Russian-Japanese War ends as representatives of the combating empires, meeting in New Hampshire, sign the Treaty of Portsmouth. Japan achieves virtually all of its original war aims.
    1910 Marie Curie demonstrates the transformation of radium ore to metal at the Academy of Sciences in France.
    1944 Germany launches its first V-2 missile at Paris, France.
    1958 Martin Luther King is arrested in an Alabama protest for loitering and fined $14 for refusing to obey police.
    1960 Leopold Sedar Sengingor, poet and politician, is elected president of Senegal, Africa.
    1969 Charges brought against US lieutenant William Calley in the March 1968 My Lai Massacre during Vietnam War.
    1972 "Black September," a Palestinian terrorist group take 11 Israeli athletes hostage at the Olympic Games in Munich.
    1975 President Gerald Ford evades an assassination attempt in Sacramento, California.
    1977 Hanns-Martin Schleyer, a German business executive who headed to powerful organization and had been an SS officer during WW2, is abducted by the left-wing extremist group Red Army Faction, who execute him on Oct. 18.
    1977 Voyager 1 space probe launched.
    1978 Israel's Menachem Begin and Egypt's Anwar Sadat begin discussions on a peace process, at Camp David, Md.
    1980 World's longest tunnel opens; Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel stretches 10.14 miles (16.224 km) from Goschenen to Airolo.
    1984 Space Shuttle Discovery lands afters its maiden voyage.
    1996 Hurricane Fran comes ashore near Cape Fear, No. Car. It will kill 27 people and cause more than $3 billion in damage.

    Born on September 5

    1568 Tommasso Campanella, Italian philosopher and poet, who wrote City of the Sun.
    1638 Louis XIV, "The Sun King" of France who built the palace at Versailles.
    1842 Jesse James, legendary outlaw of the American West.
    1897 A.C. Nielson, founder of the Nielson Ratings.
    1905 Arthur Koestler, Hungarian novelist and essayist who wrote about communism in Darkness at Noon and The Ghost in the Machine.
    1912 John Cage, inventive composer, writer, philosopher, and artist.
    1912 Franklin "Frank" Thomas, one of the "Nine Old Men" among Walt Disney's team of animators.
    1921 Jack Valenti, an American film executive who created the MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America) voluntary system for rating film content as a guide for parents.
    1929 Bob Newhart, deadpan standup comedian and TV actor (The Bob Newhart Show).
    1934 Carol Lawrence, actress and singer (Maria in Broadway version of West Side Story).
    1940 Raquel Welch, actress (One Million Years B.C., Myra Breckinridge).
    1942 Werner Herzog (Stipetic), director, producer, screenwriter, actor; a leading figure in New German Cinema (Heart of Glass, Encounters at the End of the World).
    1945 Al Stewart, singer, songwriter, musician ("Year of the Cat," "Roads to Moscow").
    1950 Cathy Guisewite, cartoonist, creator of Cathy.
    1953 Victor Davis Hanson, military historian, columnist; received National Humanities Award (2007).
    1989 Katerina Graham, actress, model, singer, dancer (The Vampire Diaries TV series).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  9. #29
    Today in History

    September 6
    394 Theodosius becomes sole ruler of Italy after defeating Eugenius at the Battle of the River Frigidus.
    1422 Sultan Murat II ends a vain siege of Constantinople.
    1522 One of the five ships that set out in Ferdinand Magellan's trip around the world makes it back to Spain. Only 15 of the original 265 men that set out survived. Magellan was killed by natives in the Philippines.
    1688 Imperial troops defeat the Turks and take Belgrade, Serbia.
    1793 French General Jean Houchard and his 40,000 men begin a three-day battle against an Anglo-Hanoveraian army at Hondschoote, southwest Belgium, in the wars of the French Revolution.
    1847 Henry David Thoreau leaves Walden Pond and moves back into town, to Concord, Massachusetts.
    1861 Union General Ulysses S. Grant's forces capture Paducah, Kentucky from Confederate forces.
    1870 The last British troops to serve in Austria are withdrawn.
    1901 President William McKinley is shot while attending a reception at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, by 28-year-old anarchist Leon Czolgosz. McKinley dies eight days later, the third American president assassinated.
    1907 The luxury liner Lusitania leaves London for New York on her maiden voyage.
    1918 The German Army begins a general retreat across the Aisne, with British troops in pursuit.
    1936 Aviator Beryl Markham flies the first east-to-west solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
    1937 The Soviet Union accuses Italy of torpedoing two Russian ships in the Mediterranean.
    1941 Germany announces that all Jews living in the country will have to begin wearing a Star of David.
    1943 The United States asks the Chinese Nationals to join with the Communists to present a common front to the Japanese.
    1953 The last American and Korean prisoners are exchanged in Operation Big Switch, the last official act of the Korean War.
    1965 Indian troops invade Lahore; Pakistan paratroopers raid Punjab.
    1972 The world learns an earlier announcement that all Israeli athletes taken hostage at the Munich Olympics had been rescued was erroneous; all had killed by their captors from the Black September terrorist group; all but 3 terrorists also died in shootout around midnight.
    1976 A Soviet pilot lands his MIG-25 in Tokyo and asks for political asylum in the United States.
    1976 Lieutenant Viktor Belenko, a Soviet air force pilot defects, flying a MiG-25 jet fighter to Japan and requesting political asylum in US.
    1988 Lee Roy Young becomes the first African-American Texas Ranger in the force's 165-year history.
    1991 USSR officially recognizes independence for the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
    1991 Leningrad, second-largest city in the USSR, is changed to Saint Petersburg, which had been the city's name prior to 1924.
    1995 Baltimore Orioles' Cal Ripken Jr. plays in his 2,131st consecutive game, breaking a 56-year MLB record held by Lou Gehrig; in 2007 fans voted this achievement the most memorable moment in MLB history.
    1997 Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales: over 1 million people line London's streets to honor her and 2.5 billion watched the event on TV.

    Born on September 6

    1757 Marie Joseph du Motier, Marquis de LaFayette, French soldier and statesman who aided George Washington during the American Revolution.
    1766 John Dalton, English scientist who developed the atomic theory of matter.
    1800 Catherine Esther Beecher, educator who promoted higher education for women.
    1860 Jane Adams, known for her work as a social reformer, pacifist, and founder of Hull House in Chicago in 1889, first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize (1931).
    1899 Billy Rose, songwriter famous for "It's Only a Paper Moon," and "Me and My Shadow".
    1928 Robert Pirzig, author of Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.
    1930 Charles Foley, game designer; co-creator of Twister game.
    1937 Sergio Aragones, illustrator and writer; best known for his contributions to Mad Magazine and for creating the Groo the Wanderer comic book series.
    1939 Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese scientist; won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1987) for discovery of genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity.
    1943 Sir Richard J. Roberts, English scientist; shared Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1993) for discovery of split genes.
    1944 Swoosie Kurtz, Tony and Emmy award–winning actress (Fifth of July, And the Band Played On).
    1958 Jeff Foxworth, comedian, actor; best known for his comedy routine, "You might be a redneck if . . . ".
    1962 Chris Christie, 55th governor of New Jersey.
    1964 Rosa Maria "Rosie" Perez, actress (Fearless), director, choreographer, Puerto Rican rights activist.
    1965 Christopher Nolan, Irish poet and author; received Whitbread Book Award (1988), Honorary Doctorate of Letters (UK), Medal of Excellence (United Nations Society of Writers) and was named Person of the Year in Ireland (1988).
    2006 Prince Hisahito of Akishino, third in line to become Emperor of Japan.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

  10. #30
    Today in History

    September 7
    1571 At the Battle of Lepanto in the Mediterranean Sea, the Christian galley fleet destroys the Turkish galley fleet.
    1630 The town of Trimontaine, in Massachusetts, is renamed Boston, and becomes the state capital.
    1701 England, Austria, and the Netherlands form an Alliance against France.
    1778 Shawnee Indians attack and lay siege to Boonesborough, Kentucky.
    1812 On the road to Moscow, Napoleon wins a costly victory over the Russians at Borodino.
    1813 The earliest known printed reference to the United States by the nickname "Uncle Sam" occurs in the Troy Post.
    1864 Union General Phil Sheridan's troops skirmish with the Confederates under Jubal Early outside Winchester, Virginia.
    1876 The James-Younger gang botches an attempt to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota.
    1888 An incubator is used for the first time on a premature infant.
    1892 The first heavyweight-title boxing match fought with gloves under Marquis of Queensbury rules ends when James J. Corbett knocks out John L. Sullivan in the 21st round.
    1912 French aviator Roland Garros sets an altitude record of 13,200 feet.
    1916 The U.S. Congress passes the Workman's Compensation Act.
    1940 Germany's blitz against London begins during the Battle of Britain.
    1942 The Red Army pushes back the German line northwest of Stalingrad.
    1953 Nikita Krushchev elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
    1954 Integration of public schools begins in Washington D.C. and Maryland.
    1965 Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio.
    1970 Jockey Blll Shoemaker earns 6,033rd win, breaking Johnny Longden's record for most lifetime wins; Shoemaker's record would stand for 29 years.
    1977 Panama and US sign Torrios-Carter Treaties to transfer control of the Panama Canal from the US to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
    1978 Secret police agent Francesco Giullino assassinates Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov in London by firing a ricin pellet from a specially designed umbrella.
    1979 ESPN, the Entertainment and Sports Programig Network, debuts.
    1986 Desmond Tutu becomes first black leader of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa (now the Anglican Church of South Africa).
    1988 Pilot and cosmonaut Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan to travel to outer space, returns to earth after 9 days aboard the Soviet space station Mir.
    2004 Hurricane Ivan damages 90% of buildings on the island of Grenada; 39 die in the Category 5 storm.
    2008 US Government assumes conservatorship of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the country's two largest mortgage financing companies, during the subprime mortgage crisis.

    Born on September 7

    1533 Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1558-1603), led her country during the exploration of the New World and war with Spain.
    1860 Anna Marie Robertson (Grandma Moses), American folk painter who started her career at age 78, best known for her paintings of rural life.
    1860 Edith Sitwell, poet.
    1900 Taylor Caldwell, novelist.
    1909 Elia Kazan, producer, screenwriter and director who won directing Oscars for Gentleman's Agreement and On the Waterfront.
    1914 James Alfred Van Allen, discovered and named the two radiation belts surrounding the Earth.
    1930 Sonny Rollins, saxophonist.
    1936 Buddy Holly, singer, songwriter, rock 'n roll pioneer.
    1943 Beverley McLachlin, first woman to serve as Chief Justice of Canada.
    1949 Gloria Gaynor, Grammy Award–winning singer ("I Will Survive").
    1950 Julie Kavner, Emmy Award–winning actress (Rhoda, 1968) and voice actress (The Simpsons, 1992); best known as the voice of Marge Simpson in The Simpsons.
    1950 Margaret "Peggy" Noonan, author, The Wall Street Journal columnist; special assistant to President Ronald Reagan.
    1956 Michael Feinstein, singer, musician; archivist for Great American Songbook.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.

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