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Thread: What Happened This Day In History

  1. #11
    Today in History
    August 14

    1457 The first book ever printed is published by a German astrologer named Faust. He is thrown in jail while trying to sell books in Paris. Authorities concluded that all the identical books meant Faust had dealt with the devil.
    1559 Spanish explorer de Luna enters Pensacola Bay, Florida.
    1605 The Popham expedition reaches the Sagadahoc River in present-day Maine and settles there.
    1756 French commander Louis Montcalm takes Fort Oswego, New England, from the British.
    1793 Republican troops in France lay siege to the city of Lyons.
    1900 The European allies enter Beijing, relieving their besieged legations from the Chinese Boxers.
    1917 The Chinese Parliament declares war on the Central Powers.
    1942 Dwight D. Eisenhower is named the Anglo-American commander for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa.
    1945 Japan announces its unconditional surrender in World War II.
    1947 Pakistan becomes an independent country.
    1969 British troops arrived Northern Ireland in response to sectarian violence between Protestants and Roman Catholics.
    1973 The United States ends the "secret" bombing of Cambodia.
    1987 Mark McGwire hits his 49th home run of the season, setting the major league home run record for a rookie.
    1995 Shannon Faulker becomes the first female cadet in the long history of South Carolina's state military college, The Citadel. Her presence was met with intense resistance, reportedly including death threats, and she left the school a week later.
    2007 Four co-ordinated suicide bomb attacks in Yazidi towns near Mosul, Iraq, kill more than 400 people.
    2010 First-ever Summer Youth Olympic Games open, in Singapore. Athletes must be 14–18 years old.

    Born on August 14

    1777 Hans Christian Oersted, Danish scientist who discoverd electromagnetism.
    1863 Ernest L. Thayer, author of the poem "Casey at the Bat."
    1925 Russell Baker, author and columnist for The New York Times.
    1938 Niara Shudarkasa, educator and first woman president of Lincoln University.
    1945 Steve Martin, American comedian, actor, musician and screenwriter, his many awards include a Lifetime Achievement in Comedy (American Comedy Awards, USA), several Emmys, and Grammys for Best Comedy Album (1977, 1979) and Best Bluegrass Album (2009, 2013)
    1947 Danielle Steel, the fourth-bestselling author of all time.
    1950 Gary Larson, cartoonist (The Far Side).
    1966 Halle Berry, actress, her many awards include a Golden Globe (Introducing Dorothy Dandridge, TV movie) and and an Oscar (Monster's Ball).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  2. #12
    Today in History
    August 15

    1261 Constantinople falls to Michael VIII of Nicea and his army.
    1385 John of Portugal defeats John of Castile at the Battle of Aljubarrota.
    1598 Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, leads an Irish force to victory over the British at Battle of Yellow Ford.
    1760 Frederick II defeats the Austrians at the Battle of Liegnitz.
    1864 The Confederate raider Tallahassee captures six Federal ships off New England.
    1872 The first ballot voting in England is conducted.
    1914 The Panama Canal opens to traffic.
    1935 American comedian and "cowboy philosopher" Will Rogers dies in an airplane accident, along with American aviation pioneer Wiley Post.
    1942 The Japanese submarine I-25 departs Japan with a floatplane in its hold which will be assembled upon arriving off the West Coast of the United States, and used to bomb U.S. forests.
    1944 American, British and French forces land on the southern coast of France, between Toulon and Cannes, in Operation Dragoon.
    1945 Gasoline and fuel oil rationing ends in the United States.
    1947 Britain grants independence to India and Pakistan.
    1950 Two U.S. divisions are badly mauled by the North Korean Army at the Battle of the Bowling Alley in South Korea, which rages on for five more days.
    1969 Over 400,000 young people attend a weekend of rock music at Woodstock, New York.
    1971 US President Richard Nixon announces a 90-day freeze on wages and prices in an attempt to halt rapid inflation.
    1986 Ignoring objections from President Ronald Reagan's Administration, US Senate approves economic sanctions against South Africa to protest that country's apartheid policies.
    1994 US Social Security Administration, previously part of the Department of Health and Human Services, becomes an independent government agency.
    1994 Infamous terrorist Carlos the Jackal captured in Khartoum, Sudan.
    2001 Astronomers announce the first solar system discovered outside our own; two planets had been found orbiting a star in the Big Dipper.
    2007 An earthquake of 8.0 magnitude kills over 500 and injures more than 1,000 in Peru.

    Born on August 15

    1769 Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France (1804-1815) and military leader.
    1771 Sir Walter Scott, Scottish novelist who wrote Ivanhoe and Rob Roy.
    1888 T.E. Lawrence, better known as Lawrence of Arabia for his military exploits against the Turks in World War I.
    1912 Julia Child, American chef and television personality.
    1924 Robert Bolt, English screenwriter and playwright best known for A Man for all Seasons.
    1938 Maxine Waters, congresswoman from California, second African-American woman to be elected to congress.
    1938 Stephen Breyer, US Supreme Court justice.
    1946 Jimmy Webb, songwriter ("MacArthur Park," "By the Time I Get to Phoenix").
    1961 Ed Gilllespie, US Republican political strategist and White House counsel to President George W. Bush.
    1964 Melinda French Gates, businesswoman, philanthropist; co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with her husband, Bill Gates (co-founder of Microsoft).
    1965 Rob Thomas, television writer (Veronica Mars, 90210).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  3. #13
    Today in History
    August 16

    1513 Henry VIII of England and Emperor Maximilian defeat the French at Guinegatte, France, in the Battle of the Spurs.
    1777 France declares a state of bankruptcy.
    1780 American troops are badly defeated by the British at the Battle of Camden, South Carolina.
    1812 American General William Hull surrenders Detroit without resistance to a smaller British force under General Issac Brock.
    1858 U.S. President James Buchanan and Britain's Queen Victoria exchange messages inaugurating the first transatlantic telegraph line.
    1861 Union and Confederate forces clash near Fredericktown and Kirkville, Missouri.
    1863 Union General William S. Rosecrans moves his army south from Tullahoma, Tennessee to attack Confederate forces in Chattanooga.
    1896 Gold is discovered in the Klondike of Canada's Yukon Territory, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
    1914 Liege, Belgium, falls to the German army.
    1945 Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright, who was taken prisoner by the Japanese on Corregidor on May 6, 1942, is released from a POW camp in Manchuria by U.S. troops.
    1965 The Watts riots end in south-central Los Angeles after six days.
    1977 Elvis Presley dies of a heart attack in the upstairs bedroom suite area of his Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tennessee.
    1984 The safe of the sunken ocean liner Andrea Doria is opened on TV after three decades, revealing cash and certificates but no other valuables.
    1986 Sudanese rebels shoot down a Sudanese Airways plane, killing 57 people.
    1987 Astrological alignment of sun, moon and six planets marks what believers maintain is the dawning of a New Age.
    1988 IBM introduces artificial intelligence software.
    1990 Iraq orders 2,500 Americans and 4,000 British nationals in Kuwait to Iraq, in the aftermath of Iraq's invasion of that country.
    2012 In South Africa police fire on striking mine workers, killing at least 34.

    Born on August 16

    1645 Jean de la Bruyere, French writer and moralist famous for his work Characters of Theophratus.
    1868 Bernard McFadden, publisher responsible for the magazine True Story.
    1913 Menachem Begin, Israeli statesman and Nobel Peace Prize recipient.
    1920 Charles Bukowski, poet and novelist.
    1929 Bill Evans, jazz pianist.
    1930 Ted Hughes, English poet.
    1940 Bruce Beresford, Australian film director whose films include Breaker Morant and Driving Miss Daisy.
    1945 Suzanne Farrel, ballerina.
    1958 Madonna [Louise Veronica Ciccone], entertainer and singer.
    1960 Timothy Hutton, youngest actor ever to receive an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor (Ordinary People).
    1962 Steve Carell, actor and comedian (The Daily Show with John Stewart, The Office, Evan Almighty).
    1967 Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish-born actress, model and UK television personality.
    1972 Emily Robison, singer, musician, songwriter, member of the bestselling Country group Dixie Chicks.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  4. #14
    Today in History
    August 17

    1743 By the Treaty of Abo, Sweden cedes southeast Finland to Russia, ending Sweden's failed war with Russia.
    1812 Napoleon Bonaparte's army defeats the Russians at the Battle of Smolensk during the Russian retreat to Moscow.
    1833 The first steam ship to cross the Atlantic entirely on its own power, the Canadian ship Royal William, begins her journey from Nova Scotia to The Isle of Wight.
    1863 Union gunboats attack Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, for the first time.
    1942 Marine Raiders attack Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands from two submarines.
    1943 Allied forces complete the conquest of Sicily.
    1944 The mayor of Paris, Pierre Charles Tattinger, meets with the German commander Dietrich von Choltitz to protest the explosives being deployed throughout the city.
    1945 Upon hearing confirmation that Japan has surrendered, Sukarno proclaims Indonesia's independence.
    1960 American Francis Gary Powers pleads guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
    1978 Three Americans complete the first crossing of the Atlantic in a balloon.
    1987 93-year-old Rudolf Hess, former Nazi leader and deputy of Hitler, is found hanged to death in Spandau Prison.
    1988 Pakistani President Zia-ul-Haq is killed in an airplane crash suspected of being an assassination.
    1998 President Bill Clinton admits to the American public that he had affair with White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
    1999 A 7.4-magnitude earthquake near Izmit, Turkey kills over 17,000 and injures nearly 45,000.
    2005 Israel begins the first forced evacuation of Israeli settlers from the Gaza Strip and northern West Bank, as part of a unilateral disengagement plan.
    2012 Moscow's top court upholds ban of gay pride events in Russia's capital city for 100 years.

    Born on August 17

    1786 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman and politician who died in the defense of the Alamo.
    1882 Samuel Goldwyn, American movie mogul who helped start MGM (Metro Goldwyn Mayer).
    1887 Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born black nationalist who advocated the departure of African-Americans back to Africa.
    1890 Harry Hopkins, who organized the Works Projects Administration under President Roosevelt.
    1892 Mae West, American actress in burlesque, vaudeville, Broadway and movies.
    1923 Larry Rovers, painter and sculptor.
    1932 John (Red) Kerr, basketball coach.
    1943 Robert DeNiro, American actor, won Oscars for his roles in The Godfather Part II and Raging Bull.
    1944 Lawrence Joseph Ellison, CEO of Oracle Corporation.
    1953 Judith Regan, controversial book publisher, editor, talk show host.
    1960 Sean Penn, actor, screenwriter, director, political and social activist (Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Mystic River).
    1965 Robert Manry, copy editor of Cleveland Plain Dealer who sailed solo in a sailboat from Falmouth, Massachusetts, to Falmouth, Cornwall, England.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  5. #15
    Today in History
    August 18

    1587 In the Roanoke Island colony, Ellinor and Ananias Dare become parents of a baby girl whom they name Virginia, the first English child born in what would become the United States.
    1590 John White, the leader of 117 colonists sent in 1587 to Roanoke Island (North Carolina) to establish a colony, returns from a trip to England to find the settlement deserted. No trace of the settlers is ever found.
    1698 After invading Denmark and capturing Sweden, Charles XII of Sweden forces Frederick IV of Denmark to sign the Peace of Travendal.
    1759 The French fleet is destroyed by the British under "Old Dreadnought" Boscawen at the battle of Lagos Bay.
    1782 Poet and artist William Blake marries Catherine Sophia Boucher.
    1862 Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart's headquarters is raided by Union troops of the 5th New York and 1st Michigan cavalries.
    1864 Union General William T. Sherman sends General Judson Kilpatrick to raid Confederate lines of communication outside Atlanta. The raid is unsuccessful.
    1870 Prussian forces defeat the French at the Battle of Gravelotte during the Franco-Prussian War.
    1898 Adolph Ochs takes over the New York Times, saying his aim is to give "the news, all the news, in concise and attractive form, in language that is permissible in good society, and give it early, if not earlier, than it can be learned through any other medium."
    1914 Germany declares war on Russia while President Woodrow Wilson issues his Proclamation of Neutrality.
    1920 Tennessee becomes the thirty-sixth state to ratify the nineteenth amendment granting women's sufferage, completing the three-quarters necessary to put the amendment into effect.
    1929 The first cross-country women's air derby begins. Louise McPhetride Thaden wins first prize in the heavier-plane division, while Phoebe Fairgrave Omlie finishes first in the lighter-plane category.
    1939 The film The Wizard of Oz opens in New York City.
    1942 Japan sends a crack army to Guadalcanal to repulse the U.S. Marines fighting there.
    1943 The Royal Air Force Bomber Command completes the first major strike against the German missile development facility at Peenemunde.
    1963 James Meredith, the first African American to attend University of Mississippi, graduates.
    1965 Operation Starlite marks the beginning of major U.S. ground combat operations in Vietnam.
    1966 Australian troops repulse a Viet Cong attack at Long Tan.
    1969 Two concert goers die at the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, one from an overdose of heroin, the other from a burst appendix.
    1973 Hank Aaron makes his 1,378 extra-base hit, surpassing Stan Musial's record.
    1974 Luna 24, the USSR's final major lunar exploration mission, soft-lands on moon.
    1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini demands a "Saint War" against Kurds.
    1982 Pete Rose sets record with his 13,941st plate appearance.
    1987 Ohio nurse Donald Harvey sentenced to triple life terms for poisoning 24 patients.
    1988 Republican Convention in New Orleans nominate the George H.W. Bush-Dan Quayle ticket.
    1991 A group of hard-line communist leaders unhappy with the drift toward the collapse of the Soviet Union seize control of the government in Moscow and place President Mikhail S. Gorbachev under house arrest
    1993 Historic Kapelbrug (chapel bridge) in Luzern, Switzerland, burns, destroying 147 of its decorative paintings. It was built in 1365.
    1992 Dennis Rader, the BTK (Bind, Torture, Kill) killer receives 10 consecutive life sentences. He had terrorized Wichita, Kansas, murdering 10 people between 1974 and 1991.
    2010 Edelmiro Cavazos, mayor of Santiago, Nuevo Leon, is found handcuffed, blindfolded and dead following his abduction three days earlier. He had championed crackdowns on organized crime and police corruption.
    2011 Gold hits a record price of $1,826 per ounce.

    Born on August 18

    1774 Meriwether Lewis, American explorer who led the Corps of Discovery with William Clark.
    1792 Lord John Russel, Prime Minister of England from 1846 to 1852 and 1865 to 1866.
    1807 Charles F. Adams, U.S. diplomat and public official whose father was John Quincy Adams.
    1918 Elsa Morante, Italian writer (History: A Novel).
    1922 Shelly Winters, actress who won an Academy Award for The Diary of Anne Frank.
    1923 Jimmy Witherspoon, blues singer.
    1932 Luc Montagnier, virologist who discovered the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
    1933 Roman Polanski, Polish film director best known for Rosemary's Baby and Chinatown.
    1934 Roberto Clemente, outfielder for Pittsburgh Pirates, first Latin American enshrined in National Baseball Hall of Fame; died in plane crash while delivering aid to earthquake victims in Nicaragua, Dec. 31, 1972.
    1936 Robert Redford, actor (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Sting, The Great Gatsby).
    1937 William George Rushton, London, actor, author, cartoonist; co-founder of Private Eye satire magazine.
    1940 Frankie Avalon, singer ("Venus," 5 weeks at No. 1), actor (Beach Blanket Bingo); teen heartthrob of late 1950s–early 1960s.
    1952 Patrick Swayze, actor/dancer (Dirty Dancing, Ghost).
    1961 Robert Warren "Bob" Woodruff, journalist, TV news anchor; critically wounded by roadside bomb while reporting on the war in Iraq, January 2006.
    1962 Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico 2006–2012.
    1969 Christian Slater, actor (Heathers, Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Hard Rain).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  6. #16
    Today in History
    August 19

    1493 Maximilian succeeds his father Frederick III as Holy Roman Emperor.
    1587 Sigismund III is chosen to be the king of Poland.
    1692 Five women are hanged in Salem, Massachusetts after being convicted of the crime of witchcraft. Fourteen more people are executed that year and 150 others are imprisoned.
    1772 Gustavus III of Sweden eliminates the rule of parties and establishes an absolute monarchy.
    1779 Americans under Major Henry Lee take the British garrison at Paulus Hook, New Jersey.
    1812 The USS Constitution earns the nickname "Old Ironsides" during the battle off Nova Scotia that saw her defeat the HMS Guerriere.
    1914 The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) lands in France.
    1934 38 million Germans vote to make Adolf Hitler the official successor to President von Hindenburg.
    1936 Spanish poet Frederico Garcia Lorca is shot by Franco's troops after being forced to dig his own grave.
    1942 A raid on Dieppe, France by British and Canadian commandos is repulsed by the German Army.
    1944 In an effort to prevent a communist uprising in Paris, Charles DeGualle begins attacking German forces all around the city.
    1950 Edith Sampson becomes the first African-American representative to the United Nations.
    1957 The first balloon flight to exceed 100,000 feet takes off from Crosby, Minnesota.
    1965 US forces destroy a Viet Cong stronghold near Van Tuong, in South Vietnam.
    1974 US Ambassador to Cyrus Rodger P. Davies assassinated by a sniper of Greek Cypriot paramilitary group EOKA-B during a demonstration outside the embassy in Nicosia.
    1976 Gerald R Ford, who had become President of the United States after Richard Nixon resigned, wins Republican Party's presidential nomination at Kansas City convention.
    1987 Hungerford Massacre in the UK; armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun Michael Ryan kills 16 people before committing suicide. In response, Parliament passed the Firearms (Amendment) Act of 1988 banning ownership of certain classes of firearms.
    1988 Cease fire begins in 8-year war between Iran and Iraq.
    1991 Communist hard-liners place President Mikhail Gorbachev under house arrest in an attempted coup that failed two days later.
    2002 A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
    2003 Shmuel Hanavi bus bombing: suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, some of them children, and wounds 130. Islamist militant group Hamas claims responsibility for the attack.
    2004 Google Inc. stock begins selling on the Nasdaq Stock Market, with an initial price of $85; the stock ended the day at $100.34 with more than 22 million shares traded.
    2005 Toronto Supercell: A series of thunderstorms spawn several tornadoes and cause flash floods in Southern Ontario. Losses exceed $500 million Canadian dollars, the highest ever in the province.
    2010 Operation Iraqi Freedom ends; the last US combat brigade, 4th Stryker Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, leaves the country. Six brigades remain to train Iraqi troops.

    Born on August 19

    1870 Bernard Baruch, U.S. representative to the U.N. Atomic Energy Commission.
    1871 Orville Wright, aviation pioneer.
    1883 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, fashion designer.
    1902 Ogden Nash, humorist.
    1919 Malcolm Forbes, publisher of Forbes magazine.
    1921 Gene Roddenberry, television writer and producer, best known for the series Star Trek.
    1931 Willie Shoemaker, record-setting jockey (won 8,833 of 40,350 starts); received Mike Venezia Memorial Award for "extraordinary sportsmanship and citizenship" in 1990.
    1940 Jill St John, (Jill Arlyn Oppenheim), Los Angeles California, actress (Diamonds are Forever).
    1942 Fred Thompson, US Senator (R-Tenn); minority counsel on Senate Watergate Committee, lobbyist; actor (Law and Order)).
    1945 William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton, 42nd President of the United States (1993-2001); first president from the Baby Boomer generation.
    1948 Tipper Gore, wife of US Vice President Al Gore (1993-2001); co-founder, Parents Music Resource Center, which lobbied to have parental advisory labels placed on the packaging of music containing violent, sexual or drug-use lyrics.
    1952 Jonathan Frakes, actor (Commander William T Riker, Star Trek: The Next Generation); character given same birthdate but in 2335.
    1966 Lee Ann Womack, Grammy-winning singer, songwriter ("I Hope You Dance").
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  7. #17
    Today in History
    August 20

    917 A Byzantine counter-offensive is routed by Syeon at Anchialus, Bulgaria.
    1619 The first group of twenty Africans is brought to Jamestown, Virginia.
    1667 John Milton publishes Paradise Lost, an epic poem about the fall of Adam and Eve.
    1741 Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering, commisioned by Peter the Great of Russia to find land connecting Asia and North America, discovers America.
    1794 American General "Mad Anthony" Wayne defeats the Ohio Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in the Northwest territory, ending Indian resistance in the area.
    1847 General Winfield Scott wins the battle of Churubusco on his drive to Mexico City.
    1904 Dublin's Abbey Theatre is founded, an outgrowth of the Irish Literary Theatre founded in 1899 by William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory.
    1908 The American Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to a warm welcome.
    1913 700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegond becomes the first person to jump from an airplane and land safely.
    1914 Russia wins an early victory over Germany at Gumbinnen.
    1940 After a previous machine gun attack failed, exiled Russian Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico City, with an alpine ax to the back of the head.
    1940 Radar is used for the first time, by the British during the Battle of Britain. Also on this day, in a radio broadcast, Winston Churchill makes his famous homage to the Royal Air Force: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
    1941 Adolf Hitler authorizes the development of the V-2 missile.
    1944 United States and British forces close the pincers on German units in the Falaise-Argentan pocket in France.
    1953 USSR publicly acknowledges it tested a hydrogen bomb eight days earlier.
    1955 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
    1960 USSR recovers 2 dogs, Belka and Strelka, the first animals to be launched into orbit and returned alive (Sputnik 5).
    1961 East Germany begins erecting a wall along western border to replace barbed wire put up Aug 13; US 1st Battle Group, 18th Infantry Division arrives in West Berlin.
    1964 US President Lyndon Baines Johnson signs the Economic Opportunity Act, an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion, as part of his War on Poverty.
    1968 Some 650,000 Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia to quell reformers there.
    1971 The Cambodian military launches a series of operations against the Khmer Rouge.
    1974 US Vice President Gerald Ford, who had replaced Spiro Agnew, assumes the Office of the President after Richard Nixon resigns; Ford names Nelson Rockefeller as VP.
    1978 NASA launches Viking 1; with Viking 2, launched a few days later, provided high-resolution mapping of Mars, revolutionizing existing views of the planets.
    1979 The Penmanshiel Diversion on the the East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland opens, replacing the 134-year-old Penmanshiel Tunnel that had collapsed in March.
    1980 UN Security Council condemns Israel's declaration that all of Jersualem is its capital; vote is 14-0, with US abstaining.
    1982 A multinational force including 800 US Marines lands in Beirut, Lebanon, to oversee Palestinan withdrawal during the Lebanese Civil War.
    1986 Part-time mail carrier Patrick Sherrill shoots 20 fellow workers killing 14 at Edmond Okla., the first mass shooting by an individual in an office environment in the US. His actions give rise to the phrase "going postal," for sudden violent outbursts.
    1990 Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations to use them as human shields against air attacks by a US-led multinational coalition.
    1991 After an attempted coup in the Soviet Union, Estonia declares independence from the USSR.
    1993 Secret negotiations in Norway lead to agreement on the Oslo Peace Accords, an attempt to resolve the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
    1994 Miracle, the Sacred White Buffalo, born on Heider Farm near Janesville, Wisc. The first white (not albino) buffalo born since 1933, she was a important religious symbol for many US and Canadian Indian tribes.
    1998 The Supreme Court of Canada rules Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval.
    1998 US launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the Aug. 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
    2002 A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein seize the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin; after five hours they release their hostages and surrender.

    Born on August 20

    1833 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States and grandson of President William Henry Harrison.
    1886 Paul Tillich, theologian and philosopher who wrote Systematic Theology.
    1890 H.P. Lovecraft, author of horror tales; created the Cthulhu mythos.
    1905 Jack Teagarden, jazz trombonist.
    1941 Slobodan Milocevic, President of Serbia (1989–1997) and of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1997–2000); tried by UN's International Criminal Tribunal for war crimes but died before trial concluded.
    1942 Isaac Hayes, composer, musician, actor, voice-over actor; co-wrote "Soul Man," won Academy Award for his composition "Theme from Shaft."
    1944 Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minster of India.
    1952 John Hiatt, singer/songwriter ("Have a Little Faith in Me").
    1954 Al Roker, weatherman (Today on NBC; Weather Channel).
    1958 Patricia Rozema, film director, screenwriter (Mansfield Park).
    1974 Amy Adams, actress; multiple nominations for Academy Awards, Golden Globe and BAFTA awards (Enchanted, The Fighter).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  8. #18
    Today in History
    August 21

    1129 The warrior Yoritomo is made Shogun without equal in Japan.
    1525 Estavao Gomes returns to Portugal after failing to find a clear waterway to Asia.
    1794 France surrenders the island of Corsica to the British.
    1808 Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot is defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Portugal.
    1831 Nat Turner leads a slave revolt in Southampton County, Virginia that kills close to 60 whites.
    1858 The first of a series of debates begins between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. Douglas goes on to win the Senate seat in November, but Lincoln gains national visibility for the first time.
    1863 Confederate raiders under William Quantrill strike Lawrence, Kansas, leaving 150 civilians dead.
    1864 Confederate General A.P. Hill attacks Union troops south of Petersburg, Va., at the Weldon railroad. His attack is repulsed, resulting in heavy Confederate casualties.
    1915 Italy declares war on Turkey.
    1942 U.S. Marines turn back the first major Japanese ground attack on Guadalcanal in the Battle of Tenaru.
    1944 The Dumbarton Oaks conference, which lays the foundation for the establishment of the United Nations, is held in Washington, D.C.
    1945 President Harry S. Truman cancels all contracts under the Lend-Lease Act.
    1959 Hawaii is admitted into the Union.
    1963 The South Vietnamese Army arrests over 100 Buddhist monks in Saigon.
    1968 Soviet forces invade Czechoslovakia because of the country's experiments with a more liberal government.
    1972 US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus launched.
    1976 Mary Langdon in Battle, East Sussex, becomes Britain's first firewoman.
    1976 Operation Paul Bunyan: after North Korean guards killed two American officers sent to trim a poplar tree along the DMZ on Aug. 18, US and ROK soldiers with heavy support chopped down the tree.
    1986 In Cameroon 2,000 die from poison gas from a volcanic eruption.
    1988 Ceasefire in the 8-year war between Iran and Iraq.
    1989 Voyager 2 begins a flyby of planet Neptune.
    1991 Communist hardliners' coup is crushed in USSR after just 2 days; Latvia declares independence from USSR.
    1994 Ernesto Zedillo wins Mexico's presidential election.
    1996 The new Globe theater opens in England.
    2000 Tiger Woods wins golf's PGA Championship, the first golfer to win 3 majors in a calendar year since Ben Hogan in 1953.
    2001 NATO decides to send a peacekeeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

    Born on August 21

    1798 Jules Michelet, French historian who wrote the 24-volume Historie de France.
    1904 William "Count" Basie, American band leader and composer.
    1936 Wilt Chamberlin, four-time MVP for the National Basketball Association and only player to score 100 points in a professional basketball game.
    1938 Kenny Rogers, singer, actor; one of top-selling artists of all time; voted Favorite Singer of All Time in 1986 poll.
    1944 Jackie DeShannon (Sharon Lee Meyers), singer/songwriter ("Lonely Girl," "What the World Needs Now"); toured as The Beatles opening act in 1964; inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame, 2010.
    1944 Peter Weir, film director; among the leaders of Australian New Wave cinema (Picnic at Hanging Rock, Gallipoli); Academy Award nominee (Dead Poets Society, Master and Commander).
    1950 Arthur Bremer, attempted assassin who shot segregationist Alabama governor George C. Wallace in May 1972.
    1951 Harry Smith, TV co-anchor (The Early Show and its predecessor CBS Morning Show, 1987–96, 2002–10).
    1952 Joe Strummer, lead singer of British punk band The Clash ("Rock the Casbah").
    1953 Ivan Stang (Douglass St. Clair Smith), writer, Church of the SubGenius.
    1954 Archie Griffin, NFL running back; only college player to win two Heisman trophies (Ohio State) and first player to start in four Rose Bowls; member, College Football Hall of Fame.
    1956 Kim Cattrall, actress (Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, Sex in the City TV series).
    1961 Stephen Hillenburg, animator and cartoonist; created character of Spongebob Squarepants.
    1973 Sergey Brin, co-founder of Google.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  9. #19
    Today in History
    August 22

    1350 John II, also known as John the Good, succeeds Philip VI as king of France.
    1485 Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the War of the Roses.
    1642 Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham.
    1717 The Austrian army forces the Turkish army out of Belgrade, ending the Turkish revival in the Balkans.
    1777 With the approach of General Benedict Arnold's army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandons Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada.
    1849 The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, is assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
    1911 The Mona Lisa, the famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, is stolen from the Louvre in Paris, where it had hung for more than 100 years. It is recovered in 1913.
    1922 Michael Collins, Irish politician, is killed in an ambush.
    1942 Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
    1945 Soviet troops land at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China.
    1945 Conflict in Vietnam begins when a group of Free French parachute into southern Indochina, in repsonse to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh.
    1952 Devil's Island's penal colony is permanently closed.
    1956 Incumbent US President Dwight D. Eisenhower & Vice President Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco.
    1962 OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth's novel, The Day of the Jackal.
    1962 The world's first nuclear-powered passenger-cargo ship, NS Savannah, completes its maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
    1968 First papal visit to Latin America; Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota.
    1969 Hurricane Camille hits US Gulf Coast, killing 256 and causing $1.421 billion in damages.
    1971 Bolivian military coup: Col. Hugo Banzer Suarez ousts leftist president, Gen. Juan Jose Torres and assumes power.
    1971 FBI arrests members of The Camden 28, an anti-war group, as the group is raiding a draft office in Camden, NJ.
    1972 International Olympic Committee votes 36–31 with 3 abstentions to ban Rhodesia from the games because of the country's racist policies.
    1975 US president Gerald Ford survives second assassination attempt in 17 days, this one by Sarah Jane Moore in San Francisco, Cal.
    1983 Benigno Aquino, the only real opposition on Ferdinand Marcos' reign as president of the Philippines, is gunned down at Manila Airport.
    1989 First complete ring around Neptune discovered.
    1995 During 11-day siege at at Ruby Ridge, Id., FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi kills Vicki Weaver while shooting at another target.
    2003 Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore suspended for refusing to comply with federal court order to remove the Ten Commandments from the Alabama Supreme Court building's lobby.
    2005 Art heist: a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.
    2007 Most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3.

    Born on August 22

    1647 Denis Papin, inventor of the pressure cooker.
    1880 George Herriman, cartoonist, creator of Krazy Kat.
    1891 Jacque Lipchitz, sculptor.
    1893 Dorothy Parker, poet, satirist and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table.
    1904 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987, held nominal leadership position until his death in 1997.
    1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer.
    1917 John Lee Hooker, blues singer and guitarist.
    1920 Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include Farenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.
    1934 H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American general and commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War.
    1935 Annie Proulx, Pulitzer Prize–winning author (The Shipping News).
    1938 Delmar Allen "Dale" Hawkins, pioneer rockabilly singer/songwriter ("Suzy Q").
    1939 Valerie Harper, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda).
    1940 Antony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher.
    1942 Kathy Lennon, singer, member of the Lennon Sisters.
    1943 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist who helped develop the Intel 4004, the world's first commercial microprocessor.
    1947 Donna Godchaux, singer with The Grateful Dead and Heart of Gold Band.
    1950 I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, White House Chief of Staff under Pres. George W. Bush.
    1968 Rich Lowry, editor of National Review.
    1970 Giada De Laurentiis, chef and television host.
    1986 Kelko Kitagawa, Japanese model and actress (Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon, The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift).
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

  10. #20
    August 24
    79 Mount Vesuvius erupts destroying Pompeii, Stabiae, Herculaneum and other smaller settlements.
    410 German barbarians sack Rome.
    1542 In South America, Gonzalo Pizarro returns to the mouth of the Amazon River after having sailed the length of the great river as far as the Andes Mountains.
    1572 Some 50,000 people are put to death in the 'Massacre of St. Bartholomew' as Charles IX of France attempts to rid the country of Huguenots.
    1780 King Louis XVI abolishes torture as a means to get suspects to confess.
    1814 British troops under General Robert Ross capture Washington, D.C., which they set on fire in retaliation for the American burning of the parliament building in York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada.
    1847 Charlotte Bronte, using the pseudonym Currer Bell, sends a manuscript of Jane Eyre to her publisher in London.
    1869 Cornelius Swarthout of Troy, New York, patents the waffle iron.
    1891 Thomas Edison files a patent for the motion picture camera.
    1894 Congress passes the first graduated income tax law, which is declared unconstitutional the next year.
    1896 Thomas Brooks is shot and killed by an unknown assailant begining a six year feud with the McFarland family.
    1912 By an act of Congress, Alaska is given a territorial legislature of two houses.
    1942 In the battle of the Eastern Solomons, the third carrier-versus-carrier battle of the war, U.S. naval forces defeat a Japanese force attempting to screen reinforcements for the Guadalcanal fighting.
    1948 Edith Mae Irby becomes the first African-American student to attend the University of Arkansas.
    1954 Congress outlaws the Communist Party in the United States.
    1963 US State Department cables embassy in Saigon that if South Vietnam's president Ngo Dinh Diem does not remove his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu as his political adviser the US would explore alternative leadership, setting the stage for a coup by ARVN generals.
    1975 The principal leaders of Greece's 1967 coup—Georgios Papadopoulos, Stylianos Pattakos, and Nikolaos Maarezos—sentenced to death for high treason, later commuted to life in prison.
    1981 Mark David Chapman sentenced to 20 years to life for murdering former Beatles band member John Lennon.
    1989 Colombian drug lords declare "total and absolute war" on Colombia's government, booming the offices of two political parties and burning two politicians' homes.
    1989 Baseball commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti bans Pete Rose from baseball for gambling.
    1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Comunist Party of the Soviet Union; Ukraine declares its independence from USSR.
    1992 Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Florida. The Category 5 storm, which had already caused extensive damage in the Bahamas, caused $26.5 billion in US damages, caused 65 deaths, and felled 70,000 acres of trees in the Everglades.
    1994 Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) create initial accord regarding partial self-rule for Palestinians living on the West Bank, the Agreement on Preparatory Transfer of Powers and Responsibilities.
    2004 Chechnyan suicide bombers blow up two airliners near Moscow, killing 89 passengers.
    2006 Pluto is downgraded to a dwarf planet when the International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines "planet."
    2010 The Mexican criminal syndicate Los Zetas kills 72 illegal immigrants from Central and South America in San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

    Born on August 24

    1810 Theodore Parker, anti-slavery movement leader.
    1890 Jean Rhys, writer (Wild Sargasso Sea).
    1895 Richard Cushing, the director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith.
    1898 Malcolm Cowley, poet, translator, literary critic and social historian.
    1899 Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer (Ficciones).
    1905 Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, blues singer, a major influence on Elvis Presley.
    1915 Alice H.B. Sheldon, science fiction writer and artist, CIA photo-intelligence operative, lecturer at American University and major in the U.S. Army Air Force.
    1929 Yasir Arafat, leader of the Palestinian Liberation Movement.
    1951 Oscar Hijeulos, novelist (The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love).
    1960 Calvin "Cal" Ripken, Jr., shortstop and third baseman for Baltimore Orioles (1981–2001) who broke Lou Gehrig's record for consecutive games played.
    1963 Hideo Kojima, creator and director of video games (Metal Gear series).
    1965 Reginald "Reggie" Miller, professional basketball player who set record for most career 3-point field goals (later superseded by Ray Allen); Olympic gold medalist.
    1973 Grey DeLisle-Griffin, voice-over actress in animated TV shows (The Fairly OddParents) and video games (Diablo III).
    2003 Alexandre Coste, son of Albert II, Prince of Monaco, and former air stewardess Nicole Coste.
    What I once considered boring, I now consider paradise.
    Faust

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